Yii使用数据库控制的CMenu菜单

数据库结构

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `menu` (
    `menu_id` int(11) NOT NULL auto_increment,
    `name` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
    `date_added` datetime NOT NULL,
    `last_updated` datetime NOT NULL,
    `status` enum('active','inactive') NOT NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY  (`menu_id`),
    UNIQUE KEY `name_UNIQUE` (`name`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB  DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8 AUTO_INCREMENT=1 ;
 
CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `menu_item` (
    `item_id` int(11) NOT NULL auto_increment,
    `parent_id` int(11) default NULL,
    `menu_id` int(11) NOT NULL,
    `label` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
    `url` text NOT NULL,
    `description` text NOT NULL,
    `date_added` datetime NOT NULL,
    `last_updated` datetime NOT NULL,
    `sort_order` int(11) NOT NULL,
    `status` enum('active','inactive') NOT NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY  (`item_id`),
    KEY `fk_menu_item_menu1` (`menu_id`),
    KEY `fk_menu_item_menu_item1` (`parent_id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB  DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8 AUTO_INCREMENT=1 ;
 
ALTER TABLE `menu_item`
    ADD CONSTRAINT `fk_menu_item_menu1` FOREIGN KEY (`menu_id`) REFERENCES `menu` (`menu_id`) ON DELETE CASCADE ON UPDATE NO ACTION,
    ADD CONSTRAINT `fk_menu_item_menu_item1` FOREIGN KEY (`parent_id`) REFERENCES `menu_item` (`item_id`) ON DELETE SET NULL ON UPDATE NO ACTION;

模型中用来检索菜单项的方法

public function getItems($menu_id, $parent_id=null){
    $results = Yii::app()->getDb()->createCommand();
    $results->select('item_id, label, url')->from('{{menu_item}}');

    if($parent_id === null)
        $results->where('menu_id=:mid AND parent_id IS NULL', array(':mid'=>(int)$menu_id));
    else
        $results->where('menu_id=:mid AND parent_id=:pid', array(':mid'=>(int)$menu_id, ':pid'=>$parent_id));
 
    $results->order('sort_order ASC, label ASC');
    $results = $results->queryAll();
 
    $items = array();
 
    if(empty($results))
        return $items;
 
    foreach($results AS $result){
        $childItems=$this->getItems($menu_id, $result['item_id']); 
        $items[] = array(
            'label' => $result['label'],
            'url' => $result['url'],
            'itemOptions' =>  array('class'=>'listItem'),
            'linkOptions' =>  array('class'=>'listItemLink', 'title'=>$result['label']),
            'submenuOptions'=> array(),
            'items' => $childItems, 
        );
    }

    return $items;
}

CMenu 初始化

//get the menu with id #2
$items=$this->getItems(2);
$menu = array(
    'id' => 'nav',
    'activeCssClass'=>'selected',
    'linkLabelWrapper'=>null, 
    'htmlOptions'=>array('class'=>'topNav'),
    'items'=>$items
);
$this->widget('zii.widgets.CMenu', $menu);

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